博士。John

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新奥尔良钢琴家和歌手,其蛇形节奏,新月城临阵脱逃的交融,以及巫毒天赋使他成为城市的黄金音乐大使之一。
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博士。John首次成为采取的声音和新奥尔良蓝调,爵士和R&B的传统,并将其捻成新形式的明星。随着时间的推移,他后来成为新奥尔良市的音乐遗产的强烈支持者之一,是庆祝作出很大的城市,以及谁做他们的男性和女性的歌曲。在他的整个职业生涯中,他获得了广泛认可,他熟练而深情的办法键盘和吉他,无论是对他自己的录音,并支持其他艺术家的时候。

博士。John出生于Malcolm John Rebennack在新奥尔良1941年11月20日。Rebennack父亲跑去家电卖场也卖的记录,他分享了他早期的爵士乐大师的爱Louis ArmstrongKing Oliver与他的儿子。他在一个家庭的业余音乐家也长大了,由叔叔,阿姨,表兄弟姐妹,兄弟姐妹谁弹钢琴包围。Rebennack的母亲,同时,曾经当过模特,和今后一个时期,年轻Malcolm是在象牙香皂盒多亏了他妈妈的连接宝宝。而Rebennack的首次涉足音乐并不成功 - 他参加唱诗班的教堂仅被踢出 - 在他十几岁,他开始学习音乐,并感谢他的父亲,他在寻找在会议Cosimo Matassa“单元S j&M工作室,看新月城的传说在新奥尔良夜店玩。

会议传奇R&B钢琴家后Professor Longhair当他14岁时,Rebennack决定做音乐的他的职业生涯,以及他成为吉他和钢琴精通。的时候,他16岁,他在附近酒吧使用的名称打演出Mac Rebennack,并且当耶稣会高中的父亲面对他,并告诉他的音乐和他的教育之间做出选择,他选择了音乐。除了现场的工作,Rebennack成为新奥尔良记录游戏中的存在,产生了王牌会议记录和播放的会议对于喜欢Art NevilleAllen ToussaintFrankie FordJoe Tex。1959年,Rebennack拿下一个地区单曲与记录雷克斯记录的R&B号,“风暴警报”,并且在这时间他经常记录和标签南部的少数生产边。

1960年,Rebennack职业生涯碰钉子的时候,而在密西西比州杰克逊打了演出,他开始参与打架,导致他正在拍摄中的无名指上。而Rebennack最终将重新使用他的手指,一会儿这使他很难弹吉他,让他加倍对钢琴的努力。他一直在音乐活跃,在1961年他帮助发现AFO记录(所有),一种艺术家的生产者,词曲作者,编曲和领导集体和标签Harold Battiste。而此时,Rebennack也已成为沉迷于硬毒品,并且有一段时间,处理涂料,以支持他的习惯。半身锯Rebennack接受为期两年的句子在我们堡监狱rth, Texas, and after his release he headed to Los Angeles, hoping to make his way into the lucrative West Coast recording community.Battistewas enjoying success there, and he helpedRebennackget work, playing on sessions forSonny & CherAretha Franklinthe Mothers of Invention

By the late '60s, Rebennackhad developed a fascination with the legend and lore of New Orleans voodoo, and he created a character named 博士。John Creaux the Night Tripper, a voodoo medicine man who played a role in a set of songs Rebennackhad penned.With some help from BattisteRebennacklanded a deal with Atco Records and recorded an album under the name 博士。John the Night Tripper, 1968's Gris-Gris。Blending churning New Orleans funk with powerful voodoo atmospherics, Gris-Griswasn't exactly psychedelic, but it certainly sounded trippy, and the album developed a cult following. Rebennacktook 博士。John's show on the road, playing psychedelic ballrooms where he decked himself out in colorful headdresses, feathers, and cloaks, conjuring a bayou magic ritual on-stage.Two more 博士。Johnalbums followed in quick succession, 1969's Babylon和 1970's Remedies, while 1971's Sun, Moon & Herbsfeatured guest appearances by two of his better-known fans, Mick JaggerEric Clapton。For 1972's 博士。John's Gumbo博士。Johnpared back the theatrics in favor of a tribute to the great New Orleans R&B piano tradition, including several numbers associated with his hero Professor Longhair

In 1973, Rebennackfinally enjoyed a commercial breakthrough with the album In the Right Place。Featuring backing by New Orleans funk masters the Meters和 production by Allen Toussaint, the album produced a smash-hit single, "Right Place, Wrong Time," which peaked at number nine on the Hot 100 chart and took the sound of 博士。Johnto mainstream radio.The same year, 博士。Johntook part in a collaborative project with Mike BloomfieldJohn Hammond, Jr., released by Columbia as Triumvirate。With the success of In the Right Place博士。Johnwas finally a star, but his days as a hitmaker proved to be short-lived.His next album, 1974's Desitively Bonnaroo, sold reasonably well, but it didn't spawn another Top 10 single, and reviews were not as strong.It also ended his relationship with Atco Records;his next release, 1975's Hollywood Be Thy Name, was released by United Artists and failed to make a strong impression with fans or critics.

On Thanksgiving Day 1976, 博士。Johnwas one of a number of celebrated artists invited to take part in a special farewell performance by the Bandat San Francisco's Winterland Ballroom;two years later, his performance of "Such a Night" from the concert was included in Martin Scorsese's acclaimed documentary about the BandThe Last Waltz, as well as in its soundtrack album. 博士。Johnwas also part of the all-star ensemble that Banddrummer Levon Helmassembled for his debut solo album, Levon Helm & the RCO All-Stars和 he took part in the subsequent concert tour.In 1978, 博士。Johnreturned with the album City Lights, his first for the jazz-oriented Horizon Records, which included two numbers he co-wrote with the legendary R&B tunesmith Doc Pomus。Another album for Horizon, Tango Palace, arrived in 1979, and included five more tunes written with Pomus。The same year, 博士。Johnsat in on guitar on sessions for an album by his friend and mentor Professor Longhair;sadly, the album Crawfish Fiestawould not be released until several months after Longhair's death in January 1980.

After his two albums for Horizon, 博士。Johnwas without a record label, and in 1981, he cut a solo piano album for the independent Clean Cuts label, 博士。John Plays Mac Rebennack, which earned rave reviews and helped reaffirm his status as a major artist.A second album for Clean Cuts, The Brightest Smile in Town, followed in 1982.Through most of the '80s, 博士。Johnfocused on live work, recording sessions, and a lucrative sideline of cutting commercial jingles, while he popped up as a guest artist on albums by U.K.jazzman Chris Barber和 blues artist Duke Robillard。In July 1989, 博士。Johnhit the road with Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, an ensemble that also included Levon HelmNils LofgrenJoe WalshBilly PrestonClarence Clemons, among others.The same year, 博士。Johnlanded a new record deal with Warner Bros.-- his first contract with a major label in a decade -- and he released the album In a Sentimental Mood, which found him putting his stamp on a set of old standards.His duet with Rickie Lee Joneson "Makin' Whoopee" earned them a Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group.The burst of activity coincided with 博士。Johnmaking a commitment to his health;that year, he went into treatment and beat a long-standing addiction to heroin.

In 1990, 博士。Johnmade a guest appearance on 20, the first vocal album from New Orleans wunderkind Harry Connick, Jr.和 he was tapped to record the theme song for the television situation comedy Blossom.In 1992, he released his second album for Warner Bros., Goin' Back to New Orleans, featuring new interpretations of Crescent City classics with a handful of guest performers including the Neville BrothersAl HirtPete Fountain。The LP earned 博士。Johnhis second Grammy award for Best Traditional Blues Album.

With 1994's Television博士。Johnmoved to the jazz-oriented GRP label with a set that combined his '70s funk sound with jazz accents; Anthony Kiedis的 the Red Hot Chili Pepperscontributed guest vocals, while the band included jazz greats David "Fathead" NewmanAlvin "Red" Tyler。The album coincided with the publication of Under a Hoodoo Moon: The Life of the Night Tripper, a harrowingly honest autobiography Rebennackpenned with Jack Rummel。Another jazzy set, Afterglow, appeared on Blue Thumb in 1996.In 1997, Spiritualizedleader Jason Piercepersuaded 博士。Johnto contribute piano to the group's acclaimed third album, Ladies and Gentlemen, We Are Floating in Space; Piercereturned the favor with a guest spot on 博士。John's 1998 effort Anutha Zone, which also featured Paul WellerOcean Colour SceneSupergrass。1997 also found 博士。John带回家他第三次格莱美其出现在1996年收集轨道“SRV洗牌” A Tribute to Stevie Ray Vaughan。他赢得了另外格莱美,他与二重唱 B.B.King关于“是你的就是或者是你不是我的宝贝”从 King在1999年的光盘 Let the Good Times Roll: The Music of Louis Jordan

在2000年的 Duke Elegant博士。John赞扬的音乐 Duke Ellington在爵士乐传奇人物的诞辰100周年。它是 博士。John的蓝色注意的第一张专辑,由随后在2001年 Creole Moon并于2004年通过 N'Awlinz: Dis Dat or d'Udda;从后者包括客人vocals Mavis StaplesRandy NewmanCyril NevilleB.B.King。之后新奥尔良被摧毁在卡特里娜飓风之后,2005年, 博士。John发布 Sippiana Hericane,书写和记录为新奥尔良音乐家诊所,美国的爵士基金会,湿地之声募捐的EP。2006年的 Mercernary博士。John和新奥尔良音乐家的恒星船员提供的歌曲的演绎清新 Johnny Mercer

博士。John跃升到429条记录为2008年的 City That Care Forgot,其中特邀嘉宾从点 Eric ClaptonAni DiFrancoWillie Nelson;这张专辑为他赢得了又一个格莱美奖,最佳当代蓝调专辑。对于2010年的 Tribal博士。John重新为他的早期专辑的声音和风格“夜脱扣”,而 Dan Auerbachthe Black Keys制作2012米的 Locked Down,这拥抱他的70年代工作的石林声音,同时还从图纸 Rebennack的在监狱中的经历。 Locked Down添加另一个格莱美至 博士。John的奖杯陈列柜中,赢得了最佳蓝调专辑奖。 博士。John参拜了美国音乐的另一位主角, Louis Armstrong,与2014年 She-Dat-De-Dat: Spirit of Satch。这个旧居博物馆颁发 博士。John一年来路易奖在2015年,后来,他从美国的爵士基金会收到的汉克·琼斯奖。

经过多年的 Rebennack致敬其他音乐家,在2014年生产和音乐家 Don Was组织了一个全明星音乐会 博士。John,与表演嘉宾包括 Bruce SpringsteenAaron NevilleJohn FogertyMavis StaplesAllen ToussaintWarren Haynesthe Dirty Dozen Brass Band。该演唱会的录音发布于2016年, The Musical Mojo of Dr.John: Celebrating Mac & His MusicMac Rebennack死在凌晨2019年6月6日,继心脏发作;想必 the Night Tripper与他同去,但对石林的人,任何事情似乎是可能的。